Unlike Negotiation, Mediation is facilitated or assisted by a third party (the mediator) who will possess relevant skills and experience, and arrange the process. The mediator will be selected by the parties, and will employ mediative techniques to help the parties find their own solution. If the process works—-and produces a resolve—-there may be no need for court.
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The Mediator will often write up the settled terms, or refer the parties to counsel for that purpose. Normally, at the end of a successful mediation, the parties emerge with a signed and binding agreement.